The Matrix is a 1999 science fiction action film written and directed by the Lana and Lilly Wachowski . 

It depicts a dystopian future in which humanity is unknowingly trapped inside a simulated reality, the Matrix, created by artificial beings .

The first film was an important critical and commercial success, winning four Academy Awards, introducing popular culture symbols such as the red pill and blue pill, and influencing action filmmaking.

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The Matrix films makes numerous references to films and literature, and to historical myths and philosophy including Buddhism, Vedanta, Advaita . The films’ premise resembles Plato‘s Allegory of the caveRené Descartes‘s evil demonKant‘s reflections on the Phenomenon versus the Ding an sichZhuangzi‘s “Zhuangzi dreamed he was a butterfly“, Marxist social theory and the brain in a vatthought experiment. Many references to Jean Baudrillard‘s Simulacra and Simulation appear in the first film .