United Bengal is a political ideology for a unified Bengali-speaking nation in South Asia. The ideology developed among Bengali nationalistsafter the first partition of Bengal in 1905. The British-ruled Bengal Presidency was divided into Western Bengal and Eastern Bengal and Assam to weaken the independence movement; after much protest Bengal was reunited in 1911.
The United Bengal proposal was the bid made by the Bengali Prime Minister Huseyn Shaheed Suhrawardy and nationalist leader Sarat Chandra Bose to found a united and independent nation-state of Bengal. The proposal was floated as an secular alternative to the partition of Bengal on communal lines. The initiative failed owing to British diplomacy and communal conflict between Muslims and Hindusthat eventually led to the second partition of Bengal.
Why Bengal Was Divided?
Answer:Bengal was conquered by the British in 1757 Battle of Plassey. In 190 Years , British faced Most of the Armed resistance ,guerrilla attack & civil disobedience in Bengal . After a failed attempt to divide Bengal s in 1905 , British successfully divided Bengal between India and Pakistan in 1947 against Demand of United Bengal . The United Bengal initiative failed for British policy to Punish Bengalis for Armed resistance and Congress Opposition towards a Independent Bengal . What later sparked communal violence around India & Pakistan.
.Bengali’s played Major role in the Indian independence movement. The most aggressive military campaign to overthrow British was launched by Bengali Leader Subhas Chandra Bose in 1940 , He led the Military campaign allied with Japan & Germany to fight against the British imperialism. As Japan and Bose army advanced in Burma towards Bengal, British PM Winston Churchill ordered to destroy all civilian Boat in Bengal and & exported the grains stock to others presidency What resulted the Bengal famine of 1943 & caused 3 Million Death of Bengali people . After the surrender of Japan , British Cabinet Mission of 1946, split Bengal in India and Pakistan known as partition of Bengal 1947 against a Popular Demand of United Bengal . Bengal Prime Minister Huseyn Shaheed Suhrawardy and Sarat Chandra Bose campaigned for a Unified Bengal .
They felt the necessity of making Bengal a self-sufficient state with its own constitution. They emphasized that Bengal belonged to the Bengalis and was indivisible. He hoped that all sections of the people of the province would want to live and work for making Bengal a glorious land. Suhrawardy maintained that independence would usher in a new era of peace and prosperity in Bengal.