Why United Bengal Was Divided?

United BengalĀ is a political ideology for a unifiedĀ Bengali-speakingĀ nation inĀ South Asia. The ideology developed amongĀ Bengali nationalistsĀ after theĀ first partition of BengalĀ in 1905.Ā TheĀ British-ruledĀ Bengal PresidencyĀ was divided intoĀ Western BengalĀ andĀ Eastern Bengal and AssamĀ to weaken the Bengali nationalist movement; after much protest, Bengal was reunited in 1911 .

Bengal was conquered by the British in 1757 inĀ the Battle of Plassey. Nawab of Bengal Sirajuddaula was defeated and the way was paved for the establishment of British rule in India. Bengal was the center of British rule in South Asia. The conquest of Bengal made significant contributions to the Industrial Revolution in Britain.

The United Bengal initiative failed forĀ British policy to punish Bengalis for armed resistance and congress opposition towards an Independent Bengal. What later sparked communal violence around India & Pakistan.Ā After a failed attempt to divideĀ Bengal s in 1905Ā , British successfully divided Bengal between India and Pakistan in 1947 against the demand of aĀ United BengalĀ .

Bengaliā€™s played a major in the anti-colonial movement in South Asia. Bengal was always the centerpiece of all military and political movement against British rule in South Asia. The most aggressive military campaign to overthrow British was launched by Bengali political leader Subhas Chandra Bose in 1940, he led the military campaign allied with Japan & Germany to fight British imperialism.

As Japan and Bose army advanced in Burma towards Bengal, British PM Winston Churchill  ordered to destroy all civilian Boat in Bengal and & exported the grains stock to others presidency What resulted the Bengal famine of 1943  & caused 3 Million Death of Bengali people . After the surrender of Japan , British Cabinet Mission of 1946, split Bengal in  India and Pakistan known as partition of Bengal 1947 against a Popular Demand of United Bengal . Bengal Prime MinisterHuseyn Shaheed Suhrawardy and  Sarat Chandra Bose campaigned for a Unified Bengal.

They felt the necessity of making Bengal a self-sufficient state with its own constitution. They emphasized that Bengal belonged to the Bengalis and was indivisible. He hoped that all sections of the people of the province would want to live and work for making Bengal a glorious land. Suhrawardy maintained that independence would usher in a new era of peace and prosperity in Bengal. 

United Bengal

 This is the historical map of united Bengal and Bengali speaking region of South Asia. The Bengal region lies in the Ganges-Brahmaputra delta, but there are highlands in its north, northeast, and southeast. Politically, Bengal is now divided between the sovereign Republic of Bangladesh, and India,s West Bengal, Tripura, and Asam. This map region is the map of Bengal Sultanate before the Battle of Plassey. 

United Bengal is a political ideology for a unified Bengali-speaking nation in South Asia. The ideology developed among Bengali nationalistsafter the first partition of Bengal in 1905. The British-ruled Bengal Presidency was divided into Western Bengal and Eastern Bengal and Assam to weaken the independence movement; after much protest Bengal was reunited in 1911.

The United Bengal proposal was the bid made by the BengaliPrime MinisterHuseyn Shaheed Suhrawardy and nationalist leader Sarat Chandra Bose to found a united and independent nation-state of Bengal.[1][2] The proposal was floated as an secular alternative to the partition of Bengal on communal lines. The initiative failed owing to British diplomacy and communal conflict between Muslims and Hindusthat eventually led to the second partition of Bengal.

%d bloggers like this: