Provisional Government of Bangladesh – GDP: $ 8.75 B
After the Battle of Palasy and fall of Nawab of Bengal in 1757,Bengal was divided between India & Pakistan in 1947 by British mandate. The former East Bengal renamed East Pakistan, Declared Independence on 26 March 1971. The government constituted to conduct the Bangladesh war of liberation, formed on 10 April 1971 ,its oath was taken on 17 April 1971.
The Mujibnagar government headed by tajuddin ahmad, President
Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujibur Rahman .
First Government of independent Bangladesh – GDP : $6.28 Billion
The second Sheikh Mujib cabinet was the first Government of sovereign and independent Bangladesh. After independence on 16 December 1971, Pakistan released president Sheikh Mujibur Rahman on 10 January. , Sheikh Mujibur Rahman assumed office as the Prime Minister of Bangladesh on 12 January 1972.
Bangladesh Krishak Sramik Awami League (BaKSAL)
– GDP : $19.44 Billion
Second Revolution was placed and the Fourth Amendment to the Constitution was made on 25 January 1975 .
The rules of BAKSAL required all other parties and associations including various services and forces to join the national party and work unitedly in fighting corrosive forces and in rebuilding the nation. In Three Years (1972-1975) $13.16 Billion dollar GDP added in the economy.
Cabinet of Killers- Mostaq Military dictatorship
On Early hours of 15 August 1975, a group of the rough military group supported by western Powers & enemy of the state killed PM Sheikh Mujibur to topple the government. Khondaker Mustaq Ahmed assumed the presidency, Major General Ziaur Rahman became the new Chief of Army Staff. The first Prime Minister of Bangladesh Tajuddin Ahmed, former Prime Minister Mansur Ali, former Vice-President Syed Nazrul Islam and former Home Minister A. H. M. Qamaruzzaman, were arrested. Three months later, on 3 November 1975, they were murdered in Dhaka Central Jail .
Military dictatorship – Ziaur Rahman
Brigadier Khaled Mosharraf and the 46th Brigade of Dhaka Cantonment revolted against Khandaker Mushtaq Ahmed‘s administration on 3 November 1975 . Army Chief Ziaur Rahman was forced to relinquish his post and put under house arrest. On 7 November, another mutiny staged by the Jatiyo Samajtantrik Dal (JSD) under retired Lieutenant Colonel Abu Taher. Ziaur Rahman was appointed as army chief of staff & a so-called interim government was formed. Ziaur Rahman became Chief Martial Law Administrator . Abu Taher was sentenced to death in July 1976 by Ziaur Rahman. He assumed the presidency later .
Ziaur Rahman gained de facto power as head of the government already under martial law imposed by the Mushtaq government. He took over the presidency in April 21, 1977 . Zia founded the Bangladesh Nationalist Party – BNP in 1978 . He initiated the first Asian regional group known as SAARC. The Indemnity Act, pardoning the subsequently convicted killers of Sheikh Mujibur Rahman, was legalized by Rahman. Killers of Sheikh Mujibur Rahman were sent abroad during his time as president. Rahman faced twenty-one coup attempts in his time. In the early hours of the morning of 30 May 1981, he was assassinated by a group of Bangladesh army officers. From 1975 to 1981 GDP was a downgrade compared to 1975
Vice president Became President End of Zia’s Rule
– GDP : $20.25 Billion
In May 1981 the President Ziaur Rahman was assassinated by a faction of officers of the Bangladesh Army. Following the assassination Vice President Abdus Sattar automatically became the acting President of Bangladesh . Presidential elections were held in Bangladesh on 15 November 1981 . Abdus Sattar gained 65% while Kamal Hossain from Bangladesh Awami League got 26% vote . Upon taking power, Sattar, a former judge without a military background, announced that the role of the military was strictly to protect the territory and borders. Army chief of staff Ershad pressured the Sattar government to concede a greater role for the military in the government, threatening to seize power if its demands were not met
– GDP : $18.52 Billion
Ziaur Rahman,s Chief of Army Staff of the Bangladesh Army Lt. Gen. Hussain Muhammad Ershad deposed elected civilian government of President Abdus Sattar in March 24, 1982 . He declared himself President in 1983 ,
Ershad founded the Jatiya Party in 1986 .subsequently won the controversial 1986 Bangladeshi presidential election.
he was forced to resign following a popular pro-democracy mass uprising led by Sheikh Hasina of Awami league and BNP .
Ershad resignedon 6 December 1990.
from 1982 to 1990,USD $13.56 Billion GDP added to the economy
1st Caretaker Govornment
– GDP : $31.59 Billion
The opposition chose Chief Justice shahabuddin ahmed as the Acting President to oversee a free and fair election. A neutral caretaker government was formed under Justice Shahabuddin . They organized 1991 Bangladeshi General Elections .
BNP -2nd Khaleda Zia.
– GDP : $30.59 Billion
In The 1991 Bangladeshi General Elections, BNP led by Khaleda Zia, won 140 of 300 seats with 30.8 % Vote the Bangladesh Awami League, led by Sheikh Hasina got 30.1 % vote. BNP won the election with only 0.7% margin. Dubbed as the most competitive election in Bangladesh History. after 5 year The Sixth National Parliamentary Elections 1996 was held on 15 February 1996 .
the election was boycotted by most opposition parties. The result was a victory for the (BNP), which won 300 of the 300 seats . The opposition then continued a campaign of marches, demonstrations, and strikes.
the administration was short lived, lasting only 12 days.
From 1991 to 1996 USD 8.84 Billion GDP added to the Economy
2nd caretaker Government
– GDP : $40.43 Billion
In March 1996, following escalating political turmoil, Parliament enacted the thirteenth Constitutional amendment installing a neutral caretaker government to assume power and conduct new parliamentary elections The Habibur Rahman Cabinet led the Caretaker government of Bangladesh from 30 March 1996 to 23 June 1996 to host
1996 Bangladeshi General Elections.
Awami League –
First Sheikh Hasina Cabinet
– GDP : $40.43 Billion
Bangladesh Awami League,won 146 seats with 37% vote while BNP won 116 seats with 33.6% vote . With the support of Jatiya Party, the leader of Awami League, Sheikh Hasina, was invited to form a government on 23 June .
From 1996 to 2001 USD 13.56 Billion GDP added to the Economy
BNP- 2nd Khaleda Cabinet
– GDP : $53.99 Billion
BNP won 193 Seat with 41.40% vote while Awami League got 62 seat with 40.02 % vote . The wining margine was only 1.38% Vote . Majority BNP leader Khaleda Zia was invited to form a government and on 10 October 2001
From 2001 to 2006 USD 17.82 Billion GDP added to the Economy
4th Caretaker Govornment
– GDP : $71.81 Billion
To hold the next general election The caretaker government was established under President Iajuddin . As Awami League questioned the neutrality of K. M. Hasan, the immediate past Chief Justice, who was in line to become Chief Advisor of the caretaker government. On 3 January 2007, the last day possible, the Awami League declared that they and their allies would boycott the election. The interim period was marked from the beginning by violent protests with 40 people killed and hundreds injured in the first month.
5th Caretaker Government –
Fakhruddin/ Military watch
– GDP : $79.81 Billion
On 11 January 2007, the military intervened to support the government
Military representatives met with President Ahmed the Army Chief, General Moeen U Ahmed persuaded the President to declare a state of emergency. They wanted a neutral government established until “fair, free and credible elections” could be held in which all parties participated.
the former Bangladesh Bank governor Fakhruddin Ahmed, was sworn in as the new Chief Advisor, he lifted the curfew. It filed charges against 160 politicians, civil servants, and businessmen, including Tareque and Arafat Rahman, two sons of the former prime minister, Khaleda Zia, who were both active in the BNP. This anti-corruption effort was greeted with approval by the people.26 April 2007, the government had changed its position, and allowed Hasina to return and both leaders to resume political activities. the Government worked on a minus-two formula which meant ousting Hasina and Zia . On 15 July 2007, Bangladesh Election Commission published a road map for the election, Near the end of 2008, the caretaker government moved to restore democratic government and held elections in December.
From 2006 to 2009 in three years outstanding USD 30.66 Billion GDP added to the Economy
Awami League –
2nd Sheikh Hasina Cabinet
– GDP : $79.61 Billion
Bangladesh Awami League won 230 seats with 49% vote while BNP got 30 seats with 33.2% vote in 2008 Bangladeshi General Elections. AL forms government Prime Minister Sheikh Hasina.
From 2009 to 2014 Outstanding USD 70.61 Billion GDP added to the Economy
Awami League –
3rd Sheikh Hasina Cabinet
– GDP : $172.88 Billion
From 2014 to 2019 USD 76.12 Billion GDP added to the Economy